用你o個張Chapters禮卡買o個本書都幾好睇, 寫 d o野雖然係淺 d, 但係唔會睇到悶, 同埋個 conclusion 先係戲肉. 雖然都係寫得篇幅極少, 同埋淺, 但係都值得思考下. 我當呢本書係你送的, hohoho.
For readers who are believers, the Bible continues to be considered an authoritative guide. Yet, while upholding it as such, individuals and communities of faith today, as through the ages, have of necessity been selective--not just adopting, but adapting, modifying, and even rejecting some of its teachings.
Bible is an anthology of historically conditioned texts, how do these texts apply to later situations?
What a foundational text meant when it was written is not the only question that needs to be answered: we also have to determine what such a text means in the present. To do so requires ascertaining the ideals that underlie the text.
As an illustration, let us consider a specific issue from the culture wars of another era, the issue of slavery. Every part of the Bible reflects the views of its writers, and for them all, from the early Israelites to the latest authors of the New Testament, slavery was divinely ordained and beyond question. Yet the biblical story and the laws embedded in it also imply an alternate, even subversive view... [The] repeated references to the Exodus from Egypt is the principle of imitation of God: if God had delivered the Israelites from slavery, then perhaps Jews and Christians should do the same for their own slaves. They should treat others as they themselves had been treated, and would wish to be treated... The essence of the scripture, then, is fair and equitable treatment of others; the actual words are not necessarily binding.
Hence, relying on the overarching authority of the Bible, rather than on the actual words of specific biblical writers for whom slavery was not only permissible but even divinely decreed, abolitionists argued that slavery should be ended because it was contrary to the essence of the biblical message. The same analysis can be applied to issues like the status of women and, I would argue, of any individual or group perceived as inferior.
Any specific biblical text is an incomplete formulation of the ideal because it is historically conditioned, and so it should not be taken as absolute in any sense. Moreover, no single biblical text adequately expresses the ideal, and in fact some texts clearly counter to it from our perspective.